Motion Makerâ„¢

The Motion Makerâ„¢ : a Rehabilitation System Combining an Orthosis with Closed-Loop Electrical Muscle Stimulation.

"MotionMakertrade" is a stationary programmable test and training system for the lower limbs developed at the 'Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne' with the 'Fondation Suisse pour les Cybertheses'. The system is composed of two robotic orthoses comprising motors and sensors, and a control unit managing the trans-cutaneous electrical muscle stimulation with real-time regulation. The control of the functional electrical stimulation (FES) induced muscle force necessary to mimic natural exercise is ensured by the control unit which receives a continuous input from the position and force sensors mounted on the robot. First results with control subjects showed the feasibility of creating movements by such closed-loop controlled FES induced muscle contractions.

The new medical technology combines two types of therapy:

Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES), enhanced by the central control unit Patient-tailored movement program, that can significantly improve voluntary muscle control in the lower limbs.
The development of voluntary muscle control is a vital part of the rehabilitation process, and essential if the patient is to gain maximum benefit from any walk re-education training and activity.

To make exercising with the MotionMakertrade safe for clinical trials with spinal cord injured (SCI) volunteers, several original safety features have been introduced. The MotionMakertrade is able to identify and manage the occurrence of spasms. Fatigue can also be detected and overfatigue during exercise prevented.

Neurological patients with movement disorders caused by spinal cord injury, traumatic brain injury, stroke, multiple sclerosis or other neurological diseases, such as cerebral palsy can profit from treatment with MotionMakerâ„¢.